Bennet, Warren, Khanna, Phillips to Introduce the CBO FAIR Scoring Act

Bill Allows Legislators to Formally Consider the Impacts of Legislation on People of All Socioeconomic Backgrounds, Design Policies That More Effectively Advance Racial and Economic Equity

Denver –– U.S. Senators Michael Bennet (D-Colo.) and Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) along with U.S. Representatives Ro Khanna (D-Calif.) and Dean Phillips (D-Minn.) will introduce the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Fiscal Analysis by Income and Race (FAIR) Scoring Act, legislation that seeks to provide policymakers with standardized, non-partisan data about the real-world effects of their policies. 

This bill would allow legislators to formally consider the impacts of legislation on people of all socioeconomic backgrounds, particularly low-income Americans and communities of color, and design policies that more effectively advance racial and economic equity. By providing disaggregated data by race and income, the bill would also further the objectives of President Joe Biden’s Executive Order on Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government.

“Our current system requires non-partisan scorekeepers to analyze the fiscal effects of nearly every bill lawmakers consider. Yet, it does not require analysis of how a bill’s benefits and costs will fall on various socioeconomic groups, which is just as important,” said Bennet. “The FAIR Scoring Act will ensure lawmakers and the public receive objective, non-partisan information on how the effects of legislation will be distributed by income and race. If we want to build an economy that works for everyone, it’s essential that we understand and account for the real-world consequences of our policies.”

“Systemic racism and inequality is not something that has happened on its own -- it is a result of specific policy choices. That is why I am glad to introduce this long overdue legislation with my colleagues to help ensure that policymakers have the critical data and tools they need to help advance racial and economic equity through the policymaking process,” said Warren. 

“This important bill, the CBO FAIR Scoring Act, would overhaul the current system that we have for legislative scoring. Instead of just requiring CBO to report the fiscal cost of legislation, our bill would require them to score large-scale legislation based on its impacts on people of different races, income levels, and eventually its impact on people of different genders. This is a needed step forward and I’m proud to partner with Sen. Warren on this issue,” said Khanna.

“This nation was built on the promise of opportunity for all,” said Phillips. “Our bill will deliver real-world data, and in turn allow Congress to deliver real-world solutions for an economy that works for every American - no matter their race, gender, age, income, or zip code. I look forward to working with my colleagues to pass this important legislation, we have a lot to learn and no time to waste.”

The CBO is required by law to produce a formal cost estimate – describing how a legislative proposal would affect major components of the federal budget over a 10-year window – for nearly every bill that is approved by a full committee in the House or Senate. The Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) provides similar analysis for tax-related legislation. While these estimates provide insight into the fiscal impact of proposed legislation, policymakers have limited information about the distributional impacts across racial and income groups. The lack of reliable information about the potential socioeconomic effects of legislation inhibits our understanding of whether policies are exacerbating or reducing income gaps and racial disparities and undermines our ability to design effective policies that address racial and income inequality and support vulnerable communities. 

The CBO FAIR Scoring Act would:

  • Require the CBO and JCT to estimate the distributional impacts by race and income – in dollar terms and as a percent change in after-tax-and-transfer-income – for bills that have a gross budgetary effect of at least 0.1% of GDP in any fiscal year within the 10-year budget window;

  • Require the CBO and JCT to provide such scores to relevant congressional committees before the bills are reported to the floor, to the extent possible;

  • Require the CBO to prepare a report describing possible methods for conducting distributional analyses by gender to strengthen CBO’s capacity to conduct analyses of the interaction between race and gender.

The bill text is available HERE. A one page summary of the bill is available HERE.

This legislation has been endorsed by: Working Families Party; Our Revolution; People's Action; Indivisible; Sunrise Movement; Economic Policy Institute (EPI); National Women's Law Center; MAZON; Demos; The Coalition on Human Needs; Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL); Church World Service; Center for American Progress (CAP); Groundwork Collaborative; and National Advocacy Center of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd.